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Accountability of Elected Officials
Career Paths to Congress
Chaplains in the U.S. Congress
House Ethics Process
House/Senate Differences
Lame Duck Congress: Attendance and Voting
Members of Congress: a Job Description
Oath of Office for Members of Congress
Pledge of Allegiance: Use in Congress
Qualifications to Run for Congress
Senate: 50-50 Split?
Sessions of Congress: Lengths
Size of House and Senate
Speaker of the House: a Job Description
Speaker of the House: Resignation from Office
Amending the Constitution
Constitutionality of Legislation
August Recesses
First Congress
GOP: Origins of Term
Ideology: Left or Right
Lame Duck Congress: Definition
Party Animals: the Donkey and the Elephant
Statue of Freedom
U.S. Citizenship Test
Amendment Tree in the Senate
Changing a Law
Conference Committees: In Decline
Conference Committees: Procedures
“Deem and Pass” Procedure
Executive Orders
Holds in the Senate
How to Find Basic Legislative Information
How to Keep Up With Congress
Types of Legislation

Capitol Corner

GOP: Origins of Term

What does GOP stand for?

GOP: Origins of Term by Ilona NickelsIt stands for "Grand Old Party." According to the Republican National Committee, the term originated in the late 1870's when publications such as The Cincinnati Commercial, The Boston Post, and The New York Herald, among others, began using it in their headlines.

They further speculate that the popularity of Britain's Prime Minister in the 1880's, William Gladstone, who was known as the "Grand Old Man," or G.O.M., may have further encouraged use of the GOP moniker in this country.

Over the years, Republicans themselves often referred to their party as the Grand Old Party, based on their dominance of both the Congress and the Presidency for the period after the Civil War up until President Franklin D. Roosevelt took office in 1933. Prior to Roosevelt's election, Republicans controlled the White House for 56 years, the Senate for 60 years, and the House for 50 years.

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